Alteration in the clinical manifestations of monkeypox in the presence of HIV

Autores/as

  • Henryka Pichardo Ponce Universidad Anáhuac Mayab, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Mérida Yucatán
  • Wendy Ancona Escalante Universidad Anáhuac Mayab, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Mérida Yucatán
  • Jair Jaziel González González Universidad Anáhuac Mayab, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Mérida Yucatán
  • Francisco Alejandro Nava Universidad Anáhuac Mayab, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Mérida Yucatán

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36105/psrua.2023v3n6.03

Palabras clave:

Viruela símica, Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana, Hombres que tienen sexo con hombres, Manifestaciones clínicas

Resumen

Introducción: El virus de la viruela símica es un ortopoxvirus perteneciente a la familia Poxiviridae, siendo una infección zoonótica, con prevalencia en la población masculina, en edad reproductiva, principalmente en hombres que tienen sexo con hombres. El virus ingresa a través del contacto directo con piel infectada, fluidos corporales o gotitas respiratorias. El cuadro clínico comienza con síntomas generales prodrómicos, seguidos de una fase de lesiones cutáneas en diferentes zonas del cuerpo. Objetivo: Comparar el desarrollo de la infección por viruela símica en individuos inmunocomprometidos respecto a un curso normal de la enfermedad. Materiales y métodos: Revisión de datos bibliográficos de 33 artículos científicos, usando bases de datos como PUBMED y Google Académico, con las palabras clave “Monkeypox”, “2022”, “Manifestaciones clínicas” que incluyeran características completas del virus y teniendo un rango de 5 años de antigüedad como límite. Resultados: Existe evidencia que demuestra la existencia de una coinfección del monkeypox junto con el VIH, aumentando la posibilidad de tratarse de un caso de oportunismo, dando como resultado un cuadro atípico en la evolución de la enfermedad. El cual comienza con rash en zona genital con dolor y pústulas, 3 días posteriores se agregan síntomas generales de un proceso infeccioso. Finalizando con prurito difuso acompañado de pústulas en dorso y extremidades. Conclusiones: Se determina una relación entre pacientes masculinos seropositivos, con lesiones atípicas de la enfermedad, afectando la evolución sintomatológica y un correcto diagnóstico.

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Publicado

2023-12-31

Cómo citar

Pichardo Ponce, H. ., Ancona Escalante, W. ., González González, J. J. ., & Alejandro Nava, F. . (2023). Alteration in the clinical manifestations of monkeypox in the presence of HIV. Proceedings of Scientific Research Universidad Anáhuac. Multidisciplinary Journal of Healthcare, 3(6), 32–38. https://doi.org/10.36105/psrua.2023v3n6.03